Vaccination against Covid-19
Assessment and approval of vaccines
A vaccine is usually approved centrally within the EU. This means that it is reviewed by experts from all member states, including the Swedish Medical Products Agency ("Läkemedelsverket"). The approval is based on information and data from the vaccine manufacturer. Within the EU, there are clear requirements for which tests and clinical studies need to be carried out and how extensive they need to be.
When assessing whether a vaccine should be approved or not, the benefit of the vaccine is weighed against the possible risks that can be seen in the form of side effects reported in the clinical studies. Even when approved, the vaccine is monitored to detect new side effects.
For English-language information on the approval and monitoring of vaccines, see the updated information from The European Medical Agency.
What does vaccination help with?
Vaccination creates protection against serious illness. After vaccination, the body's immune system builds up protection against covid-19. However, it is not certain that everyone who is vaccinated will have complete protection. This applies to all vaccines, not just the ones for covid-19.
Recommendations for vaccinated people
Someone who has been vaccinated with a first dose may after three weeks meet indoors with others from a few different households. People who have been vaccinated have good protection against serious illness and may shop in stores, but must not cause crowding for others. They can also socialise with children and grandchildren indoors without maintaining social distance, on the condition that no one displays any symptoms, according to the Public Health Agency of Sweden.
Vaccinated persons in elderly care can leave their homes and visit relatives. It is still important to think about protecting people in your social circle who are part of a risk group by following the advice on how to protect yourself and others.
Since the spread of infection in society is still large and it takes time before a larger part of the adult population is vaccinated, adjustments for vaccinated individuals must be made gradually. The basic advice of staying home if you are ill, washing your hands, keeping your distance and testing yourself for symptoms still applies to everyone in society.
Does vaccination stop the spread of infection?
The Covid-19 vaccine protects you from becoming seriously ill. The effect of vaccination on the spread of infection however, has not been studied enough for us to know how much vaccination can stop infection. In order to slow down the spread of infection, everyone needs to keep following the general advice: stay at home in case of symptoms, keep our distance from each other and wash our hands often.
Symptoms after vaccination
If you get symptoms within the first 24 hours after having been vaccinated against Covid-19 you do not need to take a PCR-test. Stay at home and avoid meeting others as long as you have any symptoms. If the symptoms are not gone after that, you need to take a test.
- Information about side-effects
- Information about testing
Do I get a certificate after being vaccinated against Covid-19?
There is as of yet no national certificate for those who have been vaccinated against Covid-19 in Sweden. The Swedish authority ”Myndigheten för digital förvaltning (DIGG)” has a government mission to develop a digital infrastructure for vaccine certificates. On an international level, there is similar work within the EU and the WHO.