Arriving to Sweden from Ukraine
Ukrainian citizens who can present a valid biometric passport can stay in Sweden (or anywhere in the EU) without an entry visa for up to 90 days. But to be able to work and for children to go to school you need to apply for a residence permit. It is important to contact the Swedish Migration Agency if you wish to take part of society's support system.
The EU's Temporary Protection Directive
If you have fled the war in Ukraine, you may be entitled to a residence permit with temporary protection in Sweden under the EU’s Temporary Protection Directive.
Requirements for temporary protection under the EU’s Temporary Protection Directive
You can get a residence permit with temporary protection under the Temporary Protection Directive if you
- are a Ukrainian citizen and were a resident of Ukraine prior to 24 February 2022, or
- had a status or residence permit as a person in need of protection in Ukraine prior to 24 February, or
- are a family member of someone who falls into one of the two described above, or
- have a permanent residence permit in Ukraine and lived there prior to 24 February 2022, and cannot return to your country of origin in a safe way.
If you have a passport or other identification documents that show that you belong to one of these groups, you must show them when you apply for protection.
To be covered by the Temporary Protection Directive, you must have come to Sweden on 30 October 2021 or later, and have remained in Sweden since you entered the country.
If you do not meet these requirements but still need protection in Sweden, you can apply for asylum instead.
If you are granted a residence permit under the EU’s Temporary Protection Directive, it is valid until 4 March 2023. If the security situation in Ukraine has not improved by then, the Swedish Migration Agency can decide to extend the permit.
The directive entitles you to:
- accomodation from the Swedish Migration Agency
- the right to work
- the right to school for children
- the right to certain medical care
- financial support
How to apply
You can register your application online or by visiting the Swedish Migration Agency in person. If you apply via the e-service and have made your own housing arrangements, you do not need to visit the Swedish Migration Agency until after they have made a decision.
You can choose to arrange your accommodation yourself or get help with accommodation from the Swedish Migration Agency. If you choose to arrange your accommodation yourself, you will have to pay the rent yourself.
Please note that the Swedish Migration Agency has a list of residential areas with social and economic challenges. If you choose to live in such an area, you may lose your right to financial support from the Swedish Migration Agency.
Pets from Ukraine
If a pet from Ukraine is in Sweden without having been checked by customs staff or a veterinarian at the border, the pet must be taken to a veterinarian as soon as possible. It is important to contact the veterinarian in advance, as the pet must not come into contact with other pets or visitors at the clinic.
To work in Sweden
If you are granted a residence permit under the EU Temporary Protection Directive you have the right to work in Sweden, from 16 years of age. If you would like support when looking for a job in Sweden, you can register with Arbetsförmedlingen (the Swedish Public Employment Service). You can register by visiting a service office (Statens servicecenter) (in Swedish). At present, it is not possible to register online, as this requires a Swedish personal identity number.
Swedish coordination number
If you have a temporary residence permit based on the EU’s Temporary Protection Directive, and you will stay in Sweden for less than three years, you should not be registered as resident in Sweden. This means you cannot be given a Swedish personal identity number. However, you can apply for a Swedish coordination number. A coordination number makes it easier to interact with Swedish public authorities.
If you do not have any money of your own, you can apply for financial support from the Swedish Migration Agency. The money you receive from the Swedish Migration Agency is intended to cover your food, clothes and personal expenses.
School and preschool
Children with a residence permit have the right to go to preschool or school according to the Temporary Protection Directive. All schools are free of charge in Sweden.
Contact the municipality where you live to place your child in preschool or school.
Municipalities in Sweden (in Swedish)
All adults with a valid residence permit with temporary protection under the Temporary Protection Directive have the right to emergency medical care, emergency dentistry and other care that cannot wait. It is the health service that decides which care cannot wait. You are also entitled to maternal health care, and care provided under the Communicable Diseases Act (a law intended to prevent the spread of infectious diseases).
Children under the age of 18 are entitled to the same healthcare and dental care as other children living in Sweden. Healthcare is largely free for children.
Vaccine against covid-19
Refugees from Ukraine can get vaccine against covid-19 free of charge in Sweden.