What is a vaccine and how does it work?
Vaccine is a medication. The vaccine prevents you from becoming ill from the virus that the vaccine protects against.
Vaccines stimulate the body's immune system in a similar manner to a real infection, but without the body becoming infected and ill. When the body is then exposed to the same infectious agent, the immune system can quickly fight it off.
Read more about how vaccines work and different types of vaccines (in Swedish). At 1177.se there is an animated movie of what happens in the body when it is vaccinated against Covid-19 (in Swedish).
Are the approved vaccines against Covid safe?
Yes, the vaccines that are approved for Covid 19 have undergone all the studies required. The results of the studies have been evaluated by the European medical product agencies and the vaccines have been approved as safe and effective.
All treatment with drugs carries a certain risk of side effects. The known side effects are listed in the product information and package leaflet. It is important that all suspected side effects are reported in order to increase knowledge about very rare side effects.
The risk of becoming seriously ill due to Covid-19 is greater than the risk of developing serious side-effects from the vaccine. Covid-19 is a serious illness.
What protection does covid-19 vaccine provide?
It is important to keep two things separate: protection from serious illness and protection from becoming infected. All the approved vaccines stimulate your immune system to produce antibodies, wich gives you protection against Covid-19.
The vaccines protect you from becoming seriously ill
The effect is not stated in a certain percentage in the product information, but applies generally to all vaccines. Not everyone who is vaccinated will be fully protected, but if you do become ill, you will most likely get a milder form of Covid-19.
The vaccines protect you and others against Covid-19
Vaccination is a way for you to reduce the risk of becoming ill. This is described in a certain percentage in the product information, but it is really only a forecast of how much less risk there is of becoming ill. It is not possible to say exactly how much less risk you, as an individual, have of becoming infected. New studies after the vaccines have been approved may also change these percentages later.
In summary, none of the vaccines provide 100 percent protection against infection, but they all provide good protection against serious illnes in Covid-19. We do not know for how long the vaccine will protect you, the effect has to be followed up over a longer period of time in order to be able to show how long protection lasts and if people need to fill up with new doses later.
Would you like to know more about the Covid-19 vaccines?
Why should I get vaccinated?
By getting vaccinated, you can protect both yourself and others.
COVID-19 is a highly contagious disease that can make you severely ill. Even if you personally only contract a mild variant of the disease, other people are at high risk of becoming severely ill.
Vaccination protects you from getting ill and also reduces the risk of you infecting others. It helps reduce the spread of infection across society in the long term, which is necessary in order for us to return to normal life.
The approved COVID-19 vaccines provide a high degree of protection against serious illness. After vaccination, the body's immune system builds up protection against COVID-19. It is not certain that everyone who gets vaccinated will receive complete protection. However, if you do get ill, you will most likely have a milder form of the disease.
In Sweden, vaccination against COVID-19 is voluntary and free.
What is the vaccination schedule in Sweden?
The Public Health Agency of Sweden has produced recommendations for the order in which different groups are to be vaccinated against Covid-19 (in Swedish). The schedule for Covid-19 vaccinations also depends on when the vaccines are delivered to Sweden (in Swedish).
The Regions are responsible for carrying out the vaccinations. Go to www.1177.se and read about who is being vaccinated in your Region right now. Make sure you choose your own region.
Would you like to know more about the Covid-19 vaccinations?
At 1177.se read more about how vaccination is carried out, how to book an appointment for vaccination and when it is your turn to book. Select the region at the top of the page to see what applies to you.
More information about vaccination against covid-19 is available on the Swedish Public Health Agency website.
When and where can I get vaccinated against Covid-19?
On 1177.se/om-vaccin-covid-19 you will find current information about vaccination against Covid-19. There is information about how vaccination is carried out, how you may feel afterwards and general information about how the vaccine is produced and works. Select your region at the top of the page to make sure you are given the right information.
Can I choose which vaccine I get?
No, it is not currently possible to choose your vaccine. The vaccine you receive depends on, among other things, how many doses of the different vaccines the regions receive and your age.
You will likely not be able to choose which vaccine you receive at a later date, either, if you were to decline the vaccine you are offered today. During the period of time when you are unvaccinated, you are unprotected against becoming seriously ill with COVID-19.
Do you have any more questions before your vaccination against Covid-19?
At 1177.se you can find information about the vaccine, how the vaccination it is organised in your region and how you may feel afterwards.
Read more about vaccination against Covid-19.
Select the region at the top of the page to get the correct information.
More information is available on the Swedish Public Health Agency website.
I have been vaccinated against Covid-19, do I have to continue following the general guidelines?
Yes, it is important that people who have been vaccinated against Covid-19 continue to follow the general guidelines even after the vaccine has started to work. Covid-19 is still spreading. But the vaccine protects you from becoming seriously ill so recommendations are adapted somewhat for those who have been vaccinated.
I have been vaccinated; do I need to get a test if I develop symptoms of Covid-19?
Yes if you have symptoms of Covid-19, it is important that you get tested, even if you have been vaccinated. It is important for you to know if you have Covid-19 so that you do not infect others.
I would like to report a suspected side-effect, what do I do?
Healthcare professionals have a responsibility to report suspected side effects. Private individuals can also report suspected side effects directly to the Medical Products Agency.
Do you have any more questions about the period after your vaccination against Covid-19?
At 1177.se you can find information about how the vaccine works, how you may feel afterwards and what applies once you are vaccinated. Read more about the Covid-19 vaccination. Select the region at the top of the page to get the correct information.
The Swedish Medical Products Agency website contains information on how to report side effects.
The Swedish Public Health Agency website has more information about vaccination against Covid-19.